A Brief Discussion on Perioral Dermatitis – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
What is Perioral Dermatitis?
Perioral dermatitis (POD) is a skin health problem that affects the region around the mouth. The condition affects most women (about 90% of them) of ages 20 to 45. Perioral dermatitis affects individuals with oily skin.
What are the Characteristics of Perioral Dermatitis?
Perioral dermatitis is characterized by papules, bumps and rashes around the mouth. In addition, the skin may also look scaly and dry. At times, the individual may complain of tightness and a burning sensation around the mouth. It must be mentioned that Perioral dermatitis only affects the region around the mouth and not in the lips. The bumpy rashes are indeed unsightly as they cannot be concealed by any cosmetic products.
Symptoms of Perioral dermatitis tend to recur even after a series of treatments. In the worse cases, rashes brought by Perioral dermatitis can reach the nose and eyes. Perioral dermatitis is often misdiagnosed as rosacea, eczema or acne.
Perioral dermatitis is not contagious and to clear up the fallacy, is not a form of STD.
What are the Contributing Factors to Perioral Dermatitis?
- Chronic use of topical steroid creams that builds up resistance – a result of overuse.
- Sun exposure
- Weather changes
- Sodium lauryl sulfate found in toothpaste
- Petrolatum products such as night creams and other beauty products
- Yeast / bacterial infection
- Stress – emotional or physical
- Chronic use of oral contraceptives
What are the Treatment Methods for Perioral Dermatitis?
Truly, symptoms of Perioral dermatitis are noticeably embarrassing and frustrating, but there are found effective remedies for such a condition. When treating Perioral dermatitis, it pays to know the causes or contributing factors of the disease. The following are several ways to treat Perioral dermatitis:
- Washing the face with plain water; avoiding irritating soaps and facial solutions.
- Avoid wearing make-up to avoid irritation; otherwise choose water-based cosmetics over oil-based.
- Use toothpaste with fewer ingredients.
- Choose facial cleansers with zinc content.
- Favor natural treatment methods like cider vinegar applications.
- Use low-dose steroids – stopping steroids will likely exacerbate the problem.
- When applying medications especially steroids, make sure you carefully wash your hands before and after the treatments. This is to avoid cross-contamination.
- Stay indoors during weather extremes.
- Eat healthy nutritious foods such as those rich in Omega-3 Fatty acids to relieve skin inflammation. On the other hand, steer clear of foods that facilitate breakouts such as spices and alcohol as these can dilate blood vessels.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Avoid stress of any kind.
- Use antibiotics to treat skin infections such as Tetracycline, Isotrenin.
- For children and pregnant mothers, be cautious when taking any medication.
Perioral dermatitis can be a serious problem if not treated early. Always seek medical advice or a dermatologist for counseling or any changes of treatment plans.