What is Eczema and is it Contagious? Read on to Find Out More!
What is Eczema?
Eczema is an abnormal state of the skin. Individuals with eczema have skin that is red, flaky and itchy. Affecting at least 10% of the general population, Eczema is a lasting condition with symptoms occurring at intervals. Eczema affects any ages even including babies and infants.
What are the Symptoms of Eczema?
Eczema is characterized by red, crusty and itchy skin. Skin affected by Eczema appears initially red and turns brown thereafter. In severe cases, discharge may come from the affected areas. Eczema indicators are most likely visible on the arms and legs while common affected sites in babies are scalp and face.
What Causes Eczema?
Symptoms of Eczema are brought on through genetcenterics, personal habits and the environment. Issues that can trigger the onset of Eczema include viruses, respiratory infections, meat and allergic reactions such as to dust and soap. Chronic stress can also trigger the eruption.
The exact cause of Eczema is unclear. However, it is believed that the condition occurs due to overactive / hypersensitive immune response.
What are the Types of Eczema?
Eczema comes in different types.
- Atopic Dermatitis is the most common form of Eczema. The said condition occurs as a result of a hypersensitive reaction of the body. Individuals affected by Atopic dermatitis are likely to develop allergies.
- Occupational Eczema, as you probably guess, is a type of allergic reaction related to a job or work.
- Nummular Eczema is brought on by wearing tight clothing. This type of Eczema gets worse by certain detergents and soaps.
Is Eczema Contagious?
Eczema is not contagious which means it cannot be spread from one person to another. It is also not spread via personal contact with people, except when active skin infections are present.
What is the Treatment for Eczema?
There is no cure for Eczema. The treatment regimen for Eczema focuses on relieving the symptoms. Treatment for Eczema centers on lifestyle modifications and drug administration. Basically, doctors advise to stay away from any irritants – the number one cause of Eczema. Using lotions, moisturizers and creams can relieve the symptoms of eczema since a dry skin is vulnerable to irritation.
Another factor that can activate Eczema is humidity or temperature changes. When itchiness hits you hard, perform a cold compress on the area and take an anti-histamine drug. Personal hygiene plays a role in alleviating some Eczema symptoms. Cutting nails short to avoid accidental scratches and breaks in the skin. Making sure you do not wear tight clothes is another thing. Carefully identifying the soaps and detergents that can cause irritation will certainly help.
Preferably, use soaps that are mild and hypoallergenic. Don’t forget to regularly laundry your clothes as well. When bathing, use warm or cold water; avoid very hot water. Steer clear from stress. Medication can be used when lifestyle changes do not provide any relief. Some of the drugs include antibiotics for infection; corticosteroids to lessen the inflammation; and antihistamine for allergic episodes.
What is the Prognosis of Eczema?
Eczema is not life-threatening, however, due to skin appearances brought by the condition, individuals affected with it often experience social stigma. The prognosis of Eczema is generally fair. Eczema can be a long-term skin disorder, but the symptoms can improve over time.